The basic techniques and equipment needed to start climbing include:
- Climbing shoes: These are specially designed shoes with a sticky rubber sole for grip on rock surfaces.
- Harness: A harness is worn around the waist and legs to secure the climber to a rope.
- Rope: A rope is used to secure the climber to the top anchor, and also as a safety system when the climber falls.
- Carabiners: Carabiners are metal clips that attach the rope to the climber’s harness and the anchor points on the rock.
- Belay device: A belay device is a mechanical device that allows the rope to be held securely while the climber is on the wall.
- Chalk: Chalk is used to dry the hands and improve grip on the rock.
- Helmets: Helmets are worn to protect the head from falling rocks or gear.
It’s important to note that not all climbing require all of these equipment. For example, some routes don’t require the use of rope, these are called bouldering and it’s done on smaller rock formations, usually under 20 feet high.
10 Facts about Climbing
- According to the Climbing Business Journal, the number of climbing gyms in the United States has grown by over 300% since the year 2000.
- Outdoor Industry Association states that in the year 2020, there were around 6.5 million climbing participants in the US.
- According to The Mountaineers, climbing is the fastest-growing outdoor activity in the United States.
- A study published in the Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism found that climbing is the second most popular outdoor activity among young adults aged 18-29 years old.
- The Outdoor Foundation reports that climbing is the fourth most popular outdoor activity in the United States, behind hiking, camping, and fishing.
- According to the Access Fund, climbing contributes over $12 billion to the US economy each year.
- In a survey conducted by the Climbing Wall Association, 70% of climbing gym members said they climb at least once a week.
- According to the Outdoor Industry Association, more than two-thirds of climbers are between the ages of 18 and 34.
- The International Climbing and Mountaineering Federation (UIAA) states that there are over 14 million climbers worldwide, with the majority being in Europe and Asia.
- According to the American Alpine Club, the number of female climbers has increased by over 50% between 2007 and 2018.